Entries in Media (5)


Changing news consumption and implications for plurality

In this report prepared for News International and submitted to the Leveson Inquiry, Robert Kenny reviews changes in the 'chain of influence' between news proprietors and citizens, and the implications for plurality legislation.


Commercial Broadcasters' Association (COBA) TV hub report 

Robin Foster and Tom Broughton have compiled a report for the Commercial Broadcasters Association (COBA) which examines the UK's future as a global TV hub, and the role that multichannel broadcasters can play in securing further growth in the UK TV sector.

The report highlights the contribution made by major multichannel companies such as Discovery, Disney, Viacom and Sky in helping the UK TV sector consolidate its scale and competitiveness, leveraging their  international funding and other resources, and using the UK as a commissioning centre for their global channel networks.

Download the full report and press release below.

Building a global TV hub: full report
Press release


News Plurality in a Digital World

In this report published by the Reuters Institute of Journalism, Robin Foster considers the potential impact of online gatekeepers on online news plurality


Sustainable journalism - a submission to the Cairncross Review

The Cairncross Review is examining the sustainability of high quality journalism, including an investigation of the impact of digital platforms.

Rob Kenny and Robin Foster, in their submission to the Review, argue that the challenges facing newspapers have been developing over decades, and largely pre-date the advent of the platforms. In particular, newspapers' offers to both advertisers and readers have been unbundled, with multiple fierce competitors for each element of the former bundles.

Newspapers have been investing and experimenting with a range of business models in response, and there are early signs of success, at least for certain types of outlet. However, a significant shake-out seems likely for those offering more commoditised news.

A clear public interest in journalism remains, and Rob and Robin offer some suggestions as to how this might be supported.


UK DTT Transmission Maps

Based on Ofcom data, we've prepared maps of the UK DTT tranmsitters. Below are maps for PSB1, the main BBC multiplex (group of channels broadcast together), and for COM4, the commercial mux operated by SDN, a subsidiary of ITV.

Commercial muxes have about 90% population coverage, the PSB (Public Service Broadcasting) muxes have 98.5% coverage, but need many more transmitters as a result. These are generally lower power, used to fill in areas that are 'in the shadows' as far as the main transmitters (shown in red and yellow) go. For instance, these areas may be in valleys, and so shielded. You can see many low-power (green) PSB1 transmitters in Wales, for example, to ensure the Welsh get value for money from their BBC licence fee. By contrast, the flat fenlands of East Anglia can get by on very few transmitters.

Click on an icon to see information on which muxes transmit from that location and the power and height of the approved transmission. These parameters are set by Ofcom.

Scroll in on any transmitter and switch to satellite view to see the actual mast. (The Crystal Palace mast is at the bottom of the page, by way of example).


The icons indicate the power of transmission in kW:

Red: 100kW+

Yellow: 1-99kW 

Green: < 1kW


Mux:  PSB1 (BBC)


Mux: COM4 (SDN)


The Crystal Palace mast